Who doesn’t like to be greeted at home with a smile, wagging tail and happy barks?
Every dog likes to give back all the love and affection he receives, but of course, in addition to a pat, they also need care. See below how to take care of your best friend.
1– Dog adaptation
When you receive a new puppy in your home, prepare a warm and comfortable place, which can be a box or a bed.
If you can, put objects with the smell of the place where he was previously, such as a cloth, so that he doesn’t find the place too strange. And if it’s a puppy, put a watch wrapped in cloth, because the ticking will mimic its mother’s heart, making it calmer. A bottle of warm (WARM, not hot!) water wrapped in a towel will also help.
Always leave fresh water for your dog and out of the sun.
Avoid giving leftovers, as only the kibble has the nutrients your dog needs in a balanced dosage.
The feed does not need to be mixed with water, milk or food.
To find the right amount, check the feed package. In all cases, do not leave the feed available for more than an hour, even if the dog has not eaten all of it.
If the dog does not want to eat, remove the food, but take him to the vet if he refuses three meals in a row.
3– Little house
Place your puppy’s house or walk in a covered area, protected from the sun and rain – even if the dog’s house already has its own roof.
Brush your dog’s fur daily. For long-haired dogs, consider grooming them, especially in summer. Bathe only when it’s dirty, as too much bathing can dry out your skin and coat. Always use products suitable for dogs, preferably without odor or with a mild scent, as the strong odor bothers and damages the scent of the furry ones.
Dogs love chew toys: rubber, plastic or nylon bones. Do not give him objects that shed chips or pieces that could be swallowed. Puppies need these toys even more because tooth growth bothers them. For this reason, do not leave shoes, slippers and the like within reach of the pup
6- A puppy or two?
Having more than one dog can be a great idea, because besides being one more company for the family, it will also be company for the other dog. So that they don’t fight, always be equally considerate of both and feed them in separate places. If they don’t get along well with each other, ask a trainer for help as they will help you identify the reason for the problem. In this post we talk about having two or more animals .
To get your dog used to other people and animals, always walk him, from a puppy. Whenever he has unwanted attitudes such as growling or jumping on people, reprimand him with a firm “no”.
Do not give the dog leftovers from your food or feed him what you are eating. Never yell or hit your friend as this can make them aggressive. When he does something wrong, say a firm, stern “no”. There are manuals on the market that show you how to educate your dog. Buying one of these and following the tips can be excellent for the dog’s coexistence with you and your family.
9- The dog alone at home
So that your dog doesn’t get anxious alone at home, train him. Grab your keys and leave for 2 or 3 minutes. Gradually increase this time. When leaving him alone, leave a radio or TV on, so he can hear people’s voices and be calmer. Here are tips for dealing with a bored or barking puppy .
When walking your dog, be polite. Clean your dog’s poop and shorten his leash when passing other people on the sidewalk. Remember that how your dog behaves interferes with how other people end up seeing dogs in general. Always walk in the early morning or late afternoon so that your puppy does not suffer from excessive heat.
5 tips to take care of your puppy
Types of dog hair much more than aesthetics
Dogs are very cute, and their fur helps make these friends even more irresistible! They come in different sizes and shapes: long, short, smooth, wavy, colorful, black, white… They all make the puppies even more charming.
However, experts indicate that fur is not just fluffy. They have an important function in the pet’s body, and need daily care. In addition to protection and thermal insulation, many diseases can be noticed from the appearance of dog hair .
So, look for a beauty center and make a dog hydration . Professionals, in addition to leaving their hair healthy and beautiful, will also be able to notice if there is something wrong with the pet. And, for even more personalized care, knowing the types of dog hair is essential!
Types of dog hair: short
Starting with the short fur, one of the most common among dogs! This type of coat needs less care, but make no mistake! Even dogs with short fur also need brushing and visits to beauty centers. The threads are usually from 1 cm to 10 cm, and can be smooth or hard.
1. Smooth short hair
It is a very common type, present in large, medium and small breeds. Their fur is a maximum of 5 cm and needs little care. As the fur is so short, bathing doesn’t need to be as frequent. Taking your friend to a beauty center once a month, he will be well taken care of.
Experts also recommend that you brush your dog at least once a week. The recommended grooming is the hygienic type, cutting only at specific points, such as ears, feet and genitals.
Some short hair straight breeds are:
- French Bulldog;
2. Short and hard hair
What differentiates this type of coat from others is its texture. The short, stiff coat has a rough feel, different from straight-haired breeds. Here, the wire size can be even larger, reaching up to 10 cm.
They need more care, but are considered easy to treat. Bathing must take place at least once a month. Scissors are generally recommended.
Some breeds that have short and stiff fur are:
- Fox terrier;
- Hard-haired Dachshund.
SEIZURES IN DOGS: CAUSES, PHASES AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Throughout the life of our pets, it is normal for certain diseases to appear in their body. Depending on the breed, the frequency of these will be higher or lower. However, there are pathologies that we do not expect because they are rare. Seizures in dogs can fit perfectly into this group.
But what is considered a canine seizure? This type of pathology appears when the brain of our pet becomes unbalanced, causing a failure in the excitation and inhibition signals of its neurons. This situation causes the brain to send electric shocks that result in the dog’s attacks.
What are the symptoms in which this pathology manifests itself? Seizures in dogs are evident when they have tremors, strong shaking, and heavy drooling. Depending on the breed, age, subsequent attacks, physical condition, and history of injuries of the dog, our pet will have a greater chance of suffering some type of seizure. Learn more about seizures in dogs in this article!
CAUSES OF SEIZURES IN DOGS
Seizures are not symptoms that are related to a single disease or cause. One of the complications caused by this type of neuronal dysfunction is the large number of pathologies to which it can be related. The conditions that can be associated with this symptom are the following:
From the first moment they appear, seizures are commonly associated with epilepsy. Although it is usually one of the most well-known and widespread pathologies, it is not necessary to make hasty diagnoses without a veterinary evaluation.
The first epileptic seizures occur in dogs from six months to five years of age. We are talking about a hereditary disease that causes loss of consciousness, prostration, pedaling, salivation, defecation, urination, and – the aforementioned – seizures.
– ENCEPHALITIS OR MENINGITIS
Inflammation of the brain or meninx can be two causes that lead to your dog’s seizure. They are usually caused by a viral infection such as canine distemper, ehrlichiosis, or toxoplasmosis.
– METABOLIC DISEASES
These pathologies are varied and cause quite significant losses in dog metabolism: hepatitis, hyperlipoproteinemia, hyperthermia, hypocalcemia, etc.
– CARDIOVASCULAR ACCIDENTS
With these types of abnormalities, the amount of blood that reaches the brain is not ideal, resulting in the cardiovascular failure in dogs. Some examples of these types of accidents are strokes and brain hemorrhages.
– CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS
One of the most common is hydrocephalus, a disorder that consists of an abnormal increase in the amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the cavities of the brain. This liquid is responsible for eliminating the waste produced by the continuous functioning of the nervous system. It is a common pathology in the following breeds: Yorkshire Terrier, Chihuahua, Pomeranian, Toy Poodle, Boston Terrier, and Maltese.
– BRAIN TUMOR
In the worst-case scenario for our faithful companion, a tumor may be behind such seizures in dogs. The appearance of the tumor can damage the brain mass and cause this type of abnormal behavior.
– SUBSTANCE USE INTOXICATION
The chemical components of this type of substance damage the brain of our pet. Antifreeze for cars, toxic pesticides, external dewormers, lead, cyanide, or metaldehyde, among others, head the harmful substances for our pet.
– HEAD TRAUMA
A blow stronger than normal can lead to seizures that our dog has not experienced to date. Faced with any of these causes, the most advisable thing is, without a doubt, to go to the vet and give us a clear diagnosis.
PHASES OF SEIZURES IN DOGS
In general, in seizures, several stages can be contemplated that will allow us to detect in advance what happens to our dog and, in this way, be more likely to guarantee its health. Read carefully the three phases that we show you!
– PRE-STROKE PHASE
Its duration varies from a few minutes to several days. The dog begins to behave strangely and is nervous for no apparent reason. Some of the symptoms of this phase are tremors, confusion, incoordination, and excessive salivation.
– STROKE PHASE
It is a period that can last several seconds or minutes. Represents the beginning of the attack. The dog usually loses consciousness and falls sideways to the ground. Then he begins to pedal unconsciously. In addition, the dog is likely to vomit, urinate, and defecate.
– POST-STROKE PHASE
It is a stage that will allow us to measure how intense the seizure our dog has suffered has been. It is likely that, if it has been strong enough, the dog will manifest certain consequences that will last several days: confusion, blindness, tremors, etc.
HOW TO ACT BEFORE AN ATTACK OF SEIZURES IN DOGS?
It is logical and normal that in a situation of these characteristics, nervousness takes hold of us. As it is something that we do not expect, it is likely that we will not act in an appropriate way. Therefore, we show you everything you should do and everything you should avoid when your dog suffers a seizure.
– WHAT SHOULD I DO IF MY DOG HAS A SEIZURE?
Staying calm is the first thing to do. In extreme circumstances of this type, we will think much better if we keep our minds calm and without nerves. Once we are calm, we will have to remove any object that is near our dog so that it does not hurt itself.
Once the attack has passed, it is important that we move our pet to a cool and ventilated place, otherwise, its recovery could worsen. Immediately afterward, what you should do is take your faithful companion to the nearest vet. With a precious professional diagnosis, you will be able to discover what caused the dog’s seizure.
In the days, weeks, and months that follow, you must administer the relevant medication prescribed by your vet to your dog. It is important to be consistent in this regard. If, even so, the attacks continue, it will be necessary to take him back to the vet.
– WHAT SHOULDN’T YOU DO?
In full attack, a common behavior on the part of the owners is to try to grab the dog so that it does not wobble. This is a clear error, since – apart from the fact that the seizure is not going to stop – the dog is not conscious at that moment and could injure the person (through a bite or scratch). Nor should food or water be given to the dog in full seizure.
In none of the ways is it convenient to place objects that provide heat to the dog . Therefore, you should avoid covering him with blankets, sheets, clothing, etc. Finally, medications that have not been prescribed by the veterinarian should not be given to the dog either. Don’t do diagnostics on your own!
Seizures in dogs, in most cases, cannot be avoided. For this reason, from Pet and Health, we recommend that you have a trusted veterinarian so that you can take care of your dog in the best possible way. If you don’t have any, remember that on our website there is a wide network of professionals and centers.
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