The English Mastiff belongs to the breed group “Pinschers, Schnauzers, Molossers and Swiss Mountain Dogs”
English Mastiff History
There were already Mastiffs in Britain when the Romans invaded that country. These dogs fought alongside their bosses against the invaders. The courage of these giants made a great impression on Julius Caesar, and this emperor mentions them in his account of the campaign that took place in the year 55 BC. For the Mastiff, it was a case of “Caesar came, Caesar saw, and Caesar was conquered”. The Mastiff existed for centuries before the time of the Romans. There were already Mastiffs in the time of the Babylonians. Reliefs from that time show huge dogs hunting lions.
The Mastiff, also called English Mastiff or Old English Mastiff, was probably brought to the British Isle by the Phoenicians in the sixth century BC, where the ancient Celts trained them to serve as war dogs, in addition to their use as regular working dogs. The Romans, who brought the Mastiff home from Britain, used these dogs as gladiator dogs, fighting wild animals like tigers and lions in the “circus”. Also during the reign of Queen Elizabeth it was customary to have the Mastiff fight against large animals to entertain the Queen. Hannibal took battalions of Mastiffs on his campaigns across the Alps. The gentle Saint Bernard owes its size to the Mastiff. And also the great mountain dogs from Spain, France and the Balkan countries can thank Hannibal’s war dogs for their contribution to their physical appearance. According to Marco Polo, the Chinese Emperor Kublai Khan kept as many as 5000 Mastiffs for hunting and war.
Anyway, the Mastiff breed as we know it today is a product of the English, who have bred this breed for almost two thousand years. It is believed that the Pilgrim Fathers took a Mastiff and a Spaniel with them on the Mayflower; yet this breed was nearly extinct in England by the mid-20th century, having been euthanized during the war years, as these huge dogs eat as much as a soldier. It is interesting to note that during the war the Mastiffs were used to pull wagons with ammunition. After the war, many dogs were imported from the United States and Canada and the breed once again flourished in its country of origin. Although an American Mastiff Club was founded in 1879, it was dissolved. The current Mastiff Club of America was founded in 1929.
Life expectancy: 6 – 12 years
Weight: 54 – 100 kg
Height at the withers: 70 – 91 cm
Character of the English Mastiff
Today, this dog is mostly used as a guard dog and as a family pet, being very protective and lovable towards its family. Although the Mastiff doesn’t bark much, he sticks to it without becoming aggressive, thanks to his innate qualities. The brave and loyal Mastiff needs company, but he is not friendly with strangers and makes a good guard dog. If not socialized as a puppy, the Mastiff may have a tendency to fight with other dogs. But the Mastiff does well with children because he is calm, even-tempered and docile; although small children should not be left near him due to his large size. The Mastiff likes to please and respond well to training when treated with patience and kindness.
The Mastiff is 76 cm high at the shoulders, and the larger specimens can weigh up to 91 kg. This dog has a heavy head and short muzzle and the coat is short-haired. The color of the coat can be dark brown, tan or mixed. The Mastiff can live up to 12 years of age and develop hip dysplasia. Also, these dogs are prone to getting gastric torsion, so it is better to give them smaller portions 2 to 3 times a day than a large meal a day.
These dogs shed moderately and are easy to care for. Bathe only if necessary; but regular brushing and rubbing with a soft cloth will make the coat shiny.
Everything to Know About the Whippet Dog Breed
If you’ve ever spent much time around the Whippet dog breed, you know that these lovable creatures are excellent companions. If you like medium-sized dogs, these are a unique breed to keep.
However, before you purchase one, there are several pieces of Whippet dog breed information to know. For instance, did you know that Whippets are high-performing show dogs? How about their history as racing animals?
If these facts interest you, we have plenty more in store! We’ll explore the critical pieces of information that distinguish Whippets from other types of dog breeds in the guide below.
Whippet Dog Breed Temperament
Whippets are generally a docile, dignified, and amiable breed. They tend to stay quiet, rarely barking unless it seems necessary. Whippets rarely display aggression and tend to enjoy human companionship.
That said, Whippets are hardly lethargic or inactive. This breed once had the nickname “The Poor Man’s Racehorse.” This nickname came from the fact that these dogs, with their horse-like build, were often trained to race.
Because of their breeding, Whippets love a good run outdoors. They also have an aptitude for chasing small animals, and they take the task very seriously.
It’s always a good idea to let these dogs spend time outside. However, make sure to keep them fenced in. Otherwise, they may stray too far if they chase animals.
Health Concerns for Whippets
As a general rule, Whippets have a physique that lends them to good health. However, there are a few health threats that face the breed.
Some of these threats include deafness, eye defects, and Von Willebrand’s disease. If you purchase a Whippet, it’s wise to consult with a breeder about potential eye conditions that the breed can suffer.
It’s also crucial to keep a Whippet’s ears clean. Over time, inner ear buildup can result in the dog losing hearing.
Another thing to keep in mind is that these dogs have a naturally skinny build. However, they maintain that build through an active lifestyle. If the dog becomes inactive and overeats, it can quickly become obese.
Experts advise you to have your dog undertake regular cardiac exams. These help ensure the dog retains its heart health.
As a side note, understand that Whippets have a sensitivity to anesthesia. Generally, this sensitivity comes from their low body fat.
Consult with a veterinarian about this if the dog must undergo any operations at some point. To learn more about these dogs’ health needs, check out WhippetCentral.
One helpful feature of the Whippet breed is their low-maintenance grooming. Whippets have many similarities with sighthounds. As such, they have a short, smooth coat that needs little maintenance. All they need is regular weekly grooming.
Find a Whippet Today!
The Whippet dog breed is an excellent companion for many households. They have an amiable temperament and are easy to care for.
Whippets are also a fun breed to own. Their natural athleticism makes them fun to spend a day within the park. If you’re interested in this breed, find a breeder today!
We hope you enjoyed this article! If so, check out our other content today.
The Shikoku has a wild look, with a wolf-like color complete with pointy ears and a tapered muzzle. This breed comes from Japan, where it is a primitive breed similar to the Shiba Inu. The Shikoku has been named as a natural landmark of Japan, where it is the ideal companion for active outdoor enthusiasts.
An ancient Japanese breed, the Shikoku is one of six breeds native to China. In between the smaller Shiba Inu and the larger Akita Inu, these dogs were originally used for boar hunting in the mountainous regions of Kochi Prefecture. Also known as the Kochi-ken, there were once three varieties of this breed – Awa, Hongawa and Hata. All three were named after the area they were bred in and all were tough, agile and intelligent dogs.
While the exact origin of the breed is unknown, Shikoku is known to have been developed by Matagi fighters. First known as the Tosa Ken, he was later renamed to avoid confusion with the Tosa Fighting Dog. Efforts to protect the breed began in the 1920s and the breed was declared a Natural Landmark in 1937. The breed is not yet recognized by the AKC but is part of the Foundation Stock Service and is recognized by the FCI and UKC.
The Shikoku is highly intelligent and can respond well to training when there is a fixed and consistent authority figure. Training should be started at a young age and early socialization is equally important. These dogs learn very quickly, and they are generally not as stubborn or independent as other Japanese breeds, although they do get bored easily. Keep your training sessions short and fun to make sure your Shikoku stays engaged.
The Shikoku is a highly intelligent breed that bonds closely with family. Socialization is important because he can be somewhat aloof with strangers and potentially suspicious of unfamiliar dogs. These dogs get along well with children if they are raised together and the children treat the dog with respect. Keep in mind that as a hunting breed, the Shikoku has a high prey drive and must be supervised around pets. This breed needs a lot of human interaction and mental stimulation to keep him from becoming bored and developing problem behaviors.
Health of the Shikoku
As an ancient breed, the Shikoku is very healthy with no known hereditary health issues specific to the breed. Still, these dogs can be prone to certain health conditions, including elbow dysphasia, hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, epilepsy, and allergies.
As a spitz-type dog, the Shikoku has the typical double coat. The top coat feels straight and hard with a softer, dense undercoat. The top coat is longer on the chest and neck with some feathering on the back of the legs. The primary color for this breed is black or red, usually with variations of sesame and brown. These dogs have black noses and brown eyes. Weekly brushing with a soft brush is sufficient to keep the coat in good condition.
The Shiloh Shepherd is a relatively young dog breed that is still in full development.
History of Shiloh Shepherd
The Shiloh Shepherd is the brainchild of breeder Tina Barber. In 1974 she started to restore the German Shepherd breed to its former glory. She has set her standards for tall size, intelligence, good temperament, and healthy hips by crossing the German Shepherd with the Giant Malamute. In 1990 she changed the name of her kennel to “Shiloh Shepherd”.
The Shiloh Shepherd is very similar to the German Shepherd Dog. The breed club promotes temperament testing and issues certificates for individuals it deems neither fearfully shy nor dominantly aggressive. Although the Shiloh is still relatively unknown, it makes a nice companion. It is a very intelligent, courageous and confident dog who is willing to protect his family, yet is friendly and a good companion to his friends and family. This makes him a good guard and watchdog.
Shilohs have tremendous loyalty and courage. This dog is calm and confident, but not hostile. They have a high learning capacity. Shilohs love to be close to their family. They need to be trained and socialized from a young age with a firm and loving hand. It is critical to a successful relationship between you and your shepherd to remain alpha over the dog and perform daily walks, jogs or runs.
Health of the Shiloh Shepherd
These dogs are predisposed to get hip dysplasia, skin diseases, gastric torsion, congenital heart disease, von Willebrand’s disease and some nervous diseases. Skin disorders, autoimmune problems and digestive problems also occur in the Shiloh Shepherd.
The Shiloh Shepherd’s coat comes in two varieties: smooth and plush. The plush coat should be brushed regularly to keep it clean and free of tangles. The smooth coat requires very little grooming. The Shiloh Shepherd always sheds somewhat and also sheds heavily. A quick daily brushing is sufficient. The Shiloh Shepherd rarely needs to be bathed to avoid the loss of skin oils.
Blog8 months ago
Things only German Shepherd dog owners will understand
Blog11 months ago
Jack Russell Terrier
Dog Breeds9 months ago
Cavapoochon dog breed character and information
Dog Breeds10 months ago
Dog Breeds9 months ago
Cavapoo Dog Breed Information, Health, Life and Much More
Dog Breeds9 months ago
Maltipoo Dog Breed information
Blog8 months ago
Can dogs eat peanut butter?
Dog Breeds11 months ago
Terrier Dog Breeds – Types of Terriers – Breed Info