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The evolution of dogs

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Humans have participated in the evolutionary history of dogs since the origin of the relationship between the two. We have favored, through a process of domestication, the appearance of different breeds of dog. Today, most of our pets are purebred dogs. However, these dogs only represent 15% of all dogs that exist today, the remaining 85% are pooches or stray dogs.

In general, it is believed that pooches come from the cross between purebred dogs, but this is not the case. These dogs have arisen from the evolution by natural selection of the first candies that were associated with humans.

Natural selection has endowed the mutts with facilities to approach us, these privileges allow them to take advantage of resources that, directly or indirectly, we put at their disposal. That is, most dogs have followed their own evolutionary path and have adapted to live with us and obtain benefits.

” Illustrating science “ is one of the integrated projects within the Scientific Communication subject of the Postgraduate Course in Scientific Illustration at the University of the Basque Country. Taking a popular article as a reference, the illustrators made a new version with a central axis, the illustration.

The three statements in the first paragraph may well be true, but the scope of that “however” is unclear. All current dogs are the result of human domestication, including strays.

The two statements in the second paragraph are false. The pooches come from the uncontrolled reproduction of loose dogs and the crossing with purebred dogs. Most of the current breeds are very recent (barely two hundred years), but our species has been breeding and selecting breeds for different jobs since the Neolithic (shepherds, sight hounds and molossi). Feral working dogs have never stopped interbreeding with sleepy dogs.

What results “from the evolution by natural selection of the first candies that were associated with humans” is the dingo (which in recent decades is being domesticated again).

The genetic distance with the wolf makes the failure of the socialization between human beings of stray puppies very rare, although their ancestors have been for many generations.

The process of human domestication of loose dogs is not limited to indirect selection of traits by unintentional crossing with working dogs and pets. When aggressive behavior by dogs on the loose, alone or in packs, becomes problematic, we kill them. It is another process of indirect human selection of docility also among loose dogs.

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Poodle

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Poodle

The Poodle comes in four varieties, namely the King Poodle, Medium Poodle, Miniature Poodle and the Toy Poodle. The Poodle looks like a fancy show dog, but their original role was to help hunters retrieve waterfowl from the water.

History of Poodle

Their curly coat, now especially groomed for dog shows, was prized for its moisture-resistant qualities. The German word Pudel actually refers to the spatter that these dogs would cause while hunting. The English word Poodle is derived from this. Although the breed originated in 19th century Germany, the standard was perfected in France, which considers Poodle a national breed.

These dogs are now mostly known as show dogs and family pets, and selective breeding had a lot to do with them. There are four types of Poodles, and according to the American Kennel Club, the oldest of these varieties is the Large or Standard Poodle. These dogs were originally bred to have a water-resistant coat, which helps explain the quality of the current dog’s coat. While they retain the key features of their entire family members, their compact size makes them perfect for keeping in a small home environment.

Life expectancy: 12 – 15 years

Weight: 6.5 – 14 kg

Height at withers: 24 – 60 cm

Character of the Poodle

When talking about the Poodle’s temperament, it is often about his energy. This dog is very flaky and lively, contrary to the popular image of a perfectly groomed lazy lap dog. They are also very sweet and affectionate, combine that with their human-like intelligence and you have a dog that forms an inseparable bond with its family. The Poodle is very curious, smart, will love to play and is a great companion for children.

However, smaller Poodles are also very fragile so they should not be left alone with young children as they could accidentally injure them. When it comes to exceptionally smart dogs, this breed tops the list. If you have the right training approach, this dog will be highly trainable. They will have no problem learning commands or even working out tricks and routines as long as they have the right motivation.

Health

Poodles can face some nasty health problems, including Addison’s disease, thyroid problems, and cancer. Like almost all dogs, this breed can have joint issues such as hip dysplasia.

Care

The Poodle’s coat is one of their defining characteristics. Their curly, hypoallergenic hair comes in many different colors. There are the usual white, black, cream coats to blues, apricot, chocolate and two-tone Poodles. Many people will groom their dogs in style and in extravagant ways, especially for dog shows. However, if you only take this dog as a pet, basic grooming is all they really need. Routine brushing to prevent mats and tangles by visiting a groomer regularly is all it takes to keep the curls in perfect condition.

The Poodle is not much different from other dogs when it comes to their nutritional needs. Like most other dogs, these chic dogs will also thrive on a diet based on high quality dry dog ​​food. Of course, not all types of kibble will suffice, you need to choose the one that is appropriate for the Poodle’s age, size and activity level.

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English Springer Spaniel

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English Springer Spaniel

The English Springer Spaniel is the oldest of the English Hunting Spaniels and this breed was formerly known as the Norfolk Spaniel.

English Springer Spaniel History

The English Springer Spaniel was the most beloved companion of European hunters during the Renaissance. This dog’s name refers to its use in hunting; this dog can jump forward to chase birds out of hiding, the so-called game repulsion. The English Springer Spaniel gained particular popularity in the United States during the 18th century and this dog was first registered by the AKC in 1910.

Character

It is a beautiful and friendly dog ​​and one of the most perfect family dogs in existence. This dog is even-tempered, calm and very friendly. It makes a good companion for children and the English Springer Spaniel is always cheerful and cheerful. The English Springer Spaniel is a bright and smart dog. Because this dog has a very good ability to learn, he can also easily learn tricks. In fact, the AKC has classified this dog as “sporting” or a hunting dog. It is an obedient and dutiful dog, possessing a great amount of energy and many skills. The English Springer Spaniel is very strong and courageous and a top class hunting dog.

This dog is very affectionate and sincere towards everyone in the family. This dog loves the company of people and hates being left alone. In that case, the English Springer Spaniel can exhibit destructive behavior. The English Springer Spaniel loves water and will never hesitate to get itself wet. In general, these dogs get along well with other animals, but they can show hostility towards birds and dogs of the same sex. Sensible guidance and training at a young age is essential to make this dog a civilized dog. The English Springer Spaniel needs to know who’s boss. This is a very energetic dog with great intelligence and this must be taken into account when training.

Health of the English Springer Spaniel

The English Springer Spaniel has a tendency to get hip dysplasia and this breed has a tendency to become overweight easily. Also, some hereditary eye diseases and abnormalities in the blood in these dogs. Epilepsy and the rage syndrome are some of the diseases that an English Springer Spaniel owner should be aware of.

Care

The English Springer Spaniel’s coat needs regular grooming and should be brushed daily with a firm brush. The longer coats tend to get matted if not brushed regularly. The ears and feet also require special attention. The hair on the bottom of the ears should be shaved regularly and the hair on the feet should be trimmed. The English Springer Spaniel sheds on average.

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Dog Breeds

All About Dogs Breeds

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Small dog breeds
In the society we live inmore and more people decide to incorporate a pet into their lifeIf they are inclined towards a dogthe most common is that they choose a small breed of dog that meets their needs for affection and adapts to their lifestyle.
Medium dog breeds
Understood as the most popular and chosen dog breeds among all those who consider acquiring a petThe high versatility of mediumsized dog breedsin terms of adaptation to large and small spacesand the great ease of attending to their fundamental caremakes them the most successful option.
Large dog breeds
There are no statistics that indicate that smaller dogs are calmer and more docile than medium or large breed dogsIn factsome larger dogs are characterized by a more docile and calm behavior than other smaller onesmore nervous or exposed to environmental stimuli.
Calm or docile dogs
There are no statistics that indicate that smaller dogs are calmer and more docile than medium or large breed dogsIn factsome larger dogs are characterized by a more docile and calm behavior than other smaller onesmore nervous or exposed to environmental stimuli.
Dogs that do not shed or shed little hair
Almost all dog breeds tend to shed hairespecially in periods of change of seasonwhich causes permanent care and attention if you want your home to be always pristine.
Dogs for kids
It is well known that dogs can be the best playmates of childrenbecause in addition to sharing experiences with themthey offer them the opportunity to acquire very positive values during childhoodResponsibility and commitment are two of the fundamental aspects that a child can develop at an early age when growing up with a dog.

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