What is scabies?
Also known as scabies in dogs or canine scabies, mange is a cutaneous (skin) condition caused by a type of mite that attacks the tissue and generates a lot of itching, hair loss in the affected area and damage to the integrity of the skin. your dog’s skin
This type of skin disease is very contagious and it is enough to have physical contact with the affected dog for it to become infected, which is why it is vitally important to prevent it and treat it immediately, to prevent its spread.
Mange in pets is a disease that commonly affects dogs , but can also harm people who live with them.
Types of mange in dogs
There are at least 5 types of mange that can affect your dog, these are:
Also known as red mange , this type is usually the most common and is caused by the Demodex Canis mite, which is typical of the dog’s skin, but in low numbers.
It usually develops when the mites multiply and attack in an uncontrolled way due to some weakness in the dog’s immune system or due to lack of proper grooming. It can manifest in a generalized or localized way.
Another common type of mange in dogs is caused by the Sarcoptes Scabeie mite , which is very aggressive and can even affect people.
It is an uncommon type of mange and is caused by Otodectes Cynotis, which are large mites that live in the dog’s ears, so diagnosis is simple.
It is a type of mange that attacks puppies more frequently and is quite contagious. This disease is caused by the Cheyletiella spp mite and can be fatal in puppies if not treated promptly.
This type of mange is very rare and not so aggressive , it mainly attacks the areas near the dog’s nose, since that is where the Pneumonyssoides Caninum mite usually lodges, this also allows the differential diagnosis to be easier.
How to prevent mange in dogs?
Although no dog is exempt from infection, there are some measures that you can apply to help prevent mange, for example:
- Bathe your dog periodically with special products for him, which can help maintain the health of his skin.
- You should wash his bed and his personal items frequently, as well as disinfect the area where he eats and sleeps.
- If you walk your dog in parks or outdoor places, try to use a dry cleaning or cleaning product when you get home, to clean it.
- Prevent him from playing in the street with dogs that do not seem healthy, that are unknown or that seem to have scabies, remember that it is spread by contact.
- Keep your dog’s vaccinations and deworming treatments up to date and go regularly to his veterinary check-up.
- Brush your dog regularly and check that his coat is healthy and shiny, doesn’t shed easily, and has no bare patches. Even if it is short-haired, all dogs should be brushed.
- Keep an eye out if your dog loses weight, stops eating, or is listless for more than a day, and see your vet if this happens.
How do I know if my dog has scabies?
This is usually a very frequent question among dog owners who suspect that their pet may have scabies. Some of the most common symptoms that may indicate that your dog has scabies are the following:
- He scratches constantly, more intensely at night.
- It has areas where it has lost some hair.
- Weakness and deterioration of the coat.
- loss of appetite
- Scales and crusts on the skin.
- Reddened skin areas.
- Bad smell.
- Skin rash and even wounds.
- General decay.
If your dog exhibits most of these symptoms, it is very likely that he has mange and you should go to the vet to have it treated as soon as possible.
How to cure mange in dogs?
If your dog has been infected with scabies and you want to know how to cure it, in this section we will tell you about the treatments that are applied to combat this annoying skin condition in dogs.
There are a large number of products on the market for the treatment of scabies , many times the choice of treatment depends on the type of scabies that the dog presents, but in general the same ones are used.
Products for external use such as special shampoo and soap are recommended for this type of mites and mostly made with sulfur components (with sulfur).
Topical treatment may also include anti-mite spray or lotion , so it is recommended to shave the entire coat to effectively apply the spray or lotion.
Another option is pharmacological treatment, either in tablets to be administered orally or in injectable solution , this treatment may be applied in conjunction with steroids to reduce itching, inflammation and redness in your dog’s skin.
7 tips to take care of the HEALTH OF YOUR DOG IN SUMMER
Quadrupeds with darker fur absorb more heat . Here are some tips on how to make summer more bearable and enjoyable for your dog.
1. Do not subject it to the sun
Take your dog for walks in the early morning and in the evening , once the sun has set. He walks at an easy pace, takes breaks, carries water, and walks in the shade whenever you can.
2. Hydration, always hydration
In addition to water, you can also offer your dog electrolyte water alternatives, such as unsalted buttermilk, frozen treats, fruit, and coconut water . By the way, it is NOT a good idea to give a dog human energy drinks.
It is normal for appetite to decrease or be lost during the heat, so you can include liquids such as broth, curd or buttermilk with meals . It is also very important to leave the house with a special drinker or bottle for dogs if the walk is going to be longer than normal, and take breaks to drink.
3. Watch out for signs of dehydration
Dogs panting is part of their cooling mechanism. It is advisable to go to the veterinarian if any of the following symptoms are detected :
- Excessive drooling.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Bloodshot eyes.
- Increased heart rate.
- Dry and inelastic skin.
4. Cools down your body temperature
It’s important to keep your pet’s temperature down a bit during the summer. For this you can use a damp towel for the dog to lie on after walking, wipe him down with a cool damp cloth making sure his paws, belly, armpits and the back of his head are clean and wet .
There are also cooler alternatives like going to a dog pool . Also, if you see your dog digging a hole, let him. It is another way for dogs to cool off .
5. Do not leave your dog in the car
The car retains more heat than the outside area even if it is parked in the shade . Your dog’s temperature can rise rapidly and cause serious cases of heat stroke, collapse and death, in less time than we think. It is quite logical, but every year you see cases like this in the news in the summer… A little bit of please!!
6. Check daily for fleas and ticks
Warm weather is a haven for fleas and ticks , so check your dog daily and change his bedding frequently.
7. Do not remove the hair
There is an idea that shaving a dog’s hair can help them stay cool in the summer, but this is not the case. The layers of hair help protect the dog from overheating and sunburn . It will get hotter even if it is left without its natural fur.
Yes, it is advisable to brush it and remove layers of dead hair, and perhaps clean it up, but never shave. Our dog grooming experts can come to your home and help you keep your dog fresh and healthy.
Vestibular syndrome in dogs: symptoms, treatment and tips
Vestibular syndrome is a disease that affects the dog’s balance and sense of spatial orientation. It can be due to various causes, such as ear infections or head injuries, but it can also be an idiopathic disease with no known cause.
This article will discuss vestibular syndrome in dogs , including symptoms, treatment, and prevention tips.
Symptoms of vestibular syndrome in dogs
One of the most common symptoms is a dog that appears dizzy and disoriented. It may also seem like he doesn’t know where he is or what he is doing. Other symptoms include head tilt, circling, staggering, and vomiting.
Treatment of vestibular syndrome in dogs
The dog should be taken to the vet to determine if there is an underlying cause for this condition.
If the cause is not found, the dog will have to be treated based on the symptoms it presents. Treatment is based on the severity of each case and may include bed rest, medication, and physical therapy.
How long does a dog with vestibular syndrome last?
The prognosis for dogs with vestibular syndrome varies depending on the underlying cause. If the disease is due to infection or head trauma, the prognosis is usually good if the dog’s symptoms are recognized early.
Prevention of vestibular syndrome in dogs
There is no known cause of the condition, but if you know your dog has a predisposition for such conditions, it is important to take extra care and watch for the following signs:
Dizziness, disorientation, and unsteady gait are some of the most common symptoms. If you notice any of these symptoms, take your dog to the vet as soon as possible.
Prevention Tips for Vestibular in Dogs
There are several things you can do to prevent your dog from developing vestibular syndrome.
- Keep your ears clean and free of infection.
- You should also avoid hitting your head, as this is a common cause of vestibular syndrome.
If your dog develops vestibular syndrome, be sure to follow your veterinarian’s instructions for treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment of this condition can help improve prognosis.
Bursitis in dogs: Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention
Dogs are always very active and spend most of the day in constant movement. There are times that they have pain or discomfort in their joints, but that does not mean that they suffer from arthritis or osteoarthritis . Sometimes it is something more minor that can be cured with treatment, if it is treated in time.
A condition that your dog develops if he exercises a lot or if the places where he lies down are very rigid is bursitis . Perhaps this is the first time you are hearing about this disease and you want to know more. Therefore, we are going to explain what it is, its symptoms and how it is treated.
Why does bursitis arise in dogs?
It is a condition that most often appears in large dogs such as Dalmatians and Great Danes. But it can also arise in any other breed of dog. Almost always, when the Bursa swells, it is because the animal has suffered a very strong pain in the affected area and causes that inflammation.
Bursitis also arises when your dog lies down very hard. That blow, although it is not so harmful at the moment when it is made, in repeated ways leads to the Bursa becoming inflamed. Dogs that train for certain sports also get it. It’s all because the entire weight of your body falls on your legs and your joints are affected.
How do I know if my dog has bursitis?
This is a very obvious condition and one that is easy to spot. Most of the time, caregivers realize the pathologies that the dog presents and the change in its behavior.
One of the signs that is most often seen when the dog has this condition is that it feels pain in the joint. To make sure of the reason, you can observe him by moving it or feel it yourself and see his reaction. When walking, it is also necessary to see if the dog limps due to the inconvenience it causes.
Bursitis is inflammation of the bursa around the joints. That swelling is the accumulation of certain liquids that squeeze them. Therefore, if the dog suffers from bursitis, the affected area will be swollen.
When dogs start to get bursitis, their mood and behavior change completely. When suffering from pain in a part that has a lot of mobility when walking, the dog prefers to lie down. If it is a pet that is very active, you will know that something is wrong with it .
Also, if you start feeling the affected part, it can be a bit aggressive, since it causes pain. Therefore, you should avoid giving him a massage because what you will do is cause him more discomfort.
Is it necessary to go to the vet for my dog’s bursitis?
You already know what the symptoms of a puppy with bursitis are, but you still need to take your pet to the vet . The expert will be able to make more in-depth reviews of the severity of the condition. That way, he will be able to prescribe something that works to alleviate or recover the dog’s condition.
One of the tests that the veterinarian should do is an ultrasound to determine how bad the inflammation is. When the Bursa has normal size, it is not noticeable in these. But being swollen, it is visible at first glance.
How should the treatment of a dog with bursitis be?
The attention that a dog with bursitis requires always varies depending on the severity. If the bursitis is mild, it is treated with anti-inflammatories and bandages to tighten the inflammation a little and thus make it smaller.
When bursitis reaches the halfway point, it must be treated in a different way. To reduce the inflammation, the swollen part has to be disinfected and the fluid is drained with a needle . Afterwards, a pressure bandage should be made on the joint and this should eventually come off.
If the bursitis reaches the serious point, the dog has to be operated on surgically . In this process, the bag containing the liquid must be broken. In this way, the inflammation and pain can be eliminated.
The estimated time for this disease to heal will always vary depending on the severity of the bursitis . If the condition was mild or intermediate, it may take about two to three weeks to recover. On the other hand, when it reaches the serious point, it takes between 1 and 2 months to completely heal.
What can I do to prevent my dog from getting bursitis again?
If you don’t want your dog to go through this disease again, you need to know how to prevent bursitis . There are two ways to do this, the first is to provide your dog with cushioned places to rest. Make sure his bed and sleeping places are soft and that he doesn’t get bursitis from repeated trauma.
The second way has to do with dogs playing sports . You should warm up for about 10 minutes beforehand. In this way, the dog prepares its extremities for the exercises that it is going to perform.
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