The Dalmatian is a strong, muscular, medium-sized and graceful dog. Characteristic is the spot pattern in the coat.
The origin of the Dalmatian is not certain. He probably comes from the Mediterranean region. However, images of spotted dogs have also been found in South Asia. The name could be derived from the Dalmatica, a Roman royal cloak made of ermine. The FCI has accepted Croatia as the country of origin. Since the early eighteenth century, the breed has mainly developed in England. The breed often accompanied carriages and had the task of protecting the carriages from robbers. This task quickly lost the breed and was mainly kept as a companion dog. The breed is found all over the world, it is an excellent horse dog and also a sporty and lively family dog.
Life expectancy: 10 – 13 years
Weight: 16 – 32 kg
Height at the withers: 56 – 61 cm
Character of the Dalmatian
The Dalmatian is a cheerful, lively, active and watchful dog. The animals are kind to children and need a fair amount of exercise. They are alert, energetic, athletic and muscular. Research has shown that Dalmatians’ affinity with horses and the ability to race along with vehicles is innate. The Dalmatian has a balanced temperament, is enthusiastic and friendly with people he likes, but is wary of strangers.
The Dalmatian has a strong protective instinct and responds best with a gentle upbringing. Although these dogs are not aggressive, they are very protective of their owners. They like exercise and games. They are good family dogs, they crave the attention of their owners and when left alone for long periods of time they often get into trouble.
The Dalmatian has a predisposition to hereditary deafness. Bladder stones, kidney stones and skin allergies are other diseases we encounter with this breed. They also have a predisposition to hip dysplasia. The formation of stones is very uncommon in dogs. But the Dalmatian’s urinary system produces uric acid very similar to that found in humans, rather than uraeum or allantoin, which is excreted by the other dog breeds. It is believed that this deviation can lead to the formation of stones. Furthermore, it is said that ten to twelve percent of all Dalmatians are born deaf.
The Dalmatian is a very clean breed and is more like a cat in personal grooming. This dog sheds a lot and its white hairs are left on clothing, furniture and carpets. Daily rubbing with a special care glove or with a rough towel can offer a solution here. This dog should be bathed and groomed at least once a month to keep it clean.
The kuvasz is originally a Hungarian dog.
Many assume that the Kuvasz came to Hungary with the Turkish refugees in 1200 BC. This breed had its golden years in the fifteenth century, when King Matyas the First trusted and loved this dog more than his people. The Turkish word “kuvasz” means “protector” and this dog has been used extensively as a royal guard. Later this dog made his mark as a sheep dog. The Kuvasz has contributed to the development of many breeds of sheepdogs, such as the Tatra and the Maremma and Abruzzo Mountain Dog. At the end of World War II, this breed was in danger of extinction and was saved through the efforts of breeders. Today, this dog is a popular companion dog, in addition to its historical role as a sheep dog.
Life expectancy: 10 – 12 years
Weight: 35 – 52 kg
Height at withers: 65 – 76 cm
A smart and brave dog, the Kuvasz is very strong-minded and fearless. It is a dog with a strong territorial instinct and a strong protective instinct, making it an excellent protector of livestock. An exceptionally good guard dog, the Kuvasz makes an excellent herder and a herd guard against wild animals. The Kuvasz requires extra grooming from his owner and is not a breed for the average owner. This dominant breed with its large size and strong defensive instincts requires extra care and responsibility from its owner.
This dog can be used to protect its territory and defend its people. The Kuvasz is extremely loyal to its family members and develops a strong bond with them. This is an independent thinker with great intelligence. This dog can even be disobedient. He does well with children when properly introduced to them. Towards the children of his family, the Kuvasz is gentle and patient.
Nevertheless, this dog is not recommended for small children. This dog is reserved with strangers. Extensive socialization could bring about changes in the behavior of the Kuvasz. Solid obedience training by an experienced owner is essential with this breed. Originally, these dogs were bred to work independently and therefore they are not so easy to train. Some dogs of this breed can be a bit easier than others. The Kuvasz can be very gentle with other animals and livestock. This dog needs special training to be able to guard the livestock.
This breed is generally healthy and does not have many health problems. This dog does have a predisposition to get hip dysplasia and some smaller problems. For example, osteochondrosis, hypertrophic osteodystrophy and only skin problems occur in this breed. The Kuvasz may be drooling.
Care of the Kuvasz
The Kuvasz has a dense, medium-length coat, which requires weekly brushing. It is not recommended to bathe this dog. The ears should be checked regularly. This breed moults heavily.
The Kromfohrländer is used as a guard and companion dog.
The Kromfohrländer was discovered after the 2nd World War, in 1955, when three generations of a dog stroke had developed from a mating between a German Wirehaired Fox Terrier female and a Breton Griffon male. These extremely beautifully colored mongrel dogs formed the basis for years of deliberate and selective breeding. Eventually the medium-sized wirehaired Kormfohrländer originated in the Siegenland, where the breed also received its recognition. The Kromfohrländer is a real hunting dog, and is still used as such in the country of origin. The breed did not exist outside of Germany for a while, but now the breed is also gaining ground in other parts of the world. The Kromfohrländer is enjoying increasing popularity in Switzerland and the Scandinavian countries, among others.
Life expectancy: 13 – 14 years
Weight: 10 – 14 kg
Height at the withers: 38 – 46 cm
The social Kromfohrländer is playful and very cheerful. This temperamental spring in the field needs regular exercise. He is very watchful on his own property and he is affectionate and obedient to the master. The Kromfohrländer is a medium-sized dog. He is shaggy and powerfully built, his body is slightly longer than it is high. The Kromfohrländer has an elegant appearance and a watchful attention. The ears and tail may not be docked, nowadays this hardly happens at all. In the past this was sometimes done, with the Kromfohrländer this meant exclusion.
Health of the Kromfohrländer
Conditions that occur are monorchidism (in which case 1 testicle is missing) and cryptorchidism (in which the testicles do not descend and the testes have never been palpable in the scrotum). Dental problems are also more common in this dog breed.
The Kromfohrländer has a beautifully colored wirehaired coat that should not be trimmed. The hair is short slightly wiry, he has a small goatee and on the hindquarters the hair should be a little longer than elsewhere on the body. The care consists of an approximately weekly brushing. White with various shades of brown lying in spots around the eyes, ears and on the back. Preference is given to dogs with a saddle spot on the back, divided by a white stripe. The base of the tail should be brown.
The origins of the Croatian Shepherd can be traced back to 14th century Croatia.
Croatian Shepherd History
Since the beginning, the Croatian Shepherd has been bred exclusively in Croatia, which may be why its appearance has remained largely unchanged for so many centuries. It is not widely known which breeds serve as the ancestors of the Croatian Shepherd, but it can be assumed that they were local herding and livestock guarding breeds. The first selective breeding program for the Croatian Shepherd was started in 1935 and the breed finally received FCI recognition in 1969.
Life expectancy: 13 – 14 years
Weight: 13 – 20 kg
Height at the withers: 40 – 53 cm
Character of the Croatian Shepherd
The Croatian Shepherd is an alert and active breed with a seemingly endless reserve of energy. These dogs are very intelligent and curious, so mental stimulation is just as important as physical exercise, especially if you want to prevent the dog from developing destructive behaviors. These dogs have a very strong need for human leadership and they also need a lot of attention. This breed can develop destructive tendencies and they also tend to bark a lot. Fortunately, this makes the Croatian Shepherd a good watchdog, although it can be a problem if you have close neighbors.
Because the Croatian Shepherd is a herding breed, these dogs have an extremely high stamina, as well as a very high need for exercise. This high-energy breed needs a lot of daily exercise to keep his energy working, without adequate exercise there is a high risk of developing problem behaviors.
As a very old breed, the Croatian Shepherd is also a healthy and hardy breed, this is by nature to do its herding work. Most of the health problems in this breed are work-related injuries, although these dogs can also be prone to musculoskeletal problems, such as patellar luxation and arthritis.
Croatian Shepherds are easy dogs to spot because it has a thick, wavy black coat. This breed is medium sized and its coat is always black, although some dogs have white patches on the chest or on the toes. The hair is shorter on the face and legs, although the tail is well fur and carried curled over the back. These dogs are average shedders and regular brushing is recommended to control shedding.
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