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Dog Breeds

Cavapoo

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Cavapoo

The Cavapoo is a cross between the Poodle and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

Cavapoo History

The first Cavapoo litters were born in Australia in the 1990s. Although the breed originated in Australia, it didn’t take long for this cross to become popular in the United Kingdom and the United States as well. Other than that basics, not much is known about the history of these dogs because crossbreeds are not taken as seriously as pure breeds. That is starting to change more and more, but for now there remains a certain basis against crossbreeding within the dog industry.

Life expectancy: 10 – 15 years

Weight: 3 – 8 kg

Height at the withers: 22 – 35 cm

Character of the Cavapoo

The Cavapoo is an intelligent and curious dog that learns quickly and will be highly trainable. With early training, socialization and eventually a wide range of tricks, this dog will turn out to be a faithful friend for life. The important thing is to get these assignments across early and often. Sessions should be short and fun by regularly playing a game in between with the Cavapoo. Training with high praise and rewards when he reaches his milestones will yield the best results. You will be amazed at what your Cavapoo can do if you take the time when they are still young.

The Cavapoo gets along well with children and other pets. Once you have a Cavapoo, the puppy will become an important member of your family. This dog loves to be involved in everything the family does and left alone for too long can develop unwanted behaviors such as barking. Because one of the parents is a Poodle, he can also become somewhat hyper and affectionate, following his owner around the house and suffering from separation anxiety if left out. The Cavapoo would therefore not be a good match if left alone for extended periods of time.

Health

The Cavapoo is generally a healthy, active and well behaved dog, but because he is a crossbreed he can inherit health problems associated with the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel or the Poodle. While these conditions can include cataracts, epilepsy, progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and ear problems, there is no guarantee that all Cavapoos will suffer from these. In general, Cavapoos live a long and happy life with no major health problems.

However, this pup’s longer and floppy ears can leave him prone to ear infections, so regular cleaning is essential. Likewise, his teeth should be brushed regularly with a vet-approved pet toothpaste. Small dogs are particularly prone to periodontal disease and the Cavapoo is no exception.

Care

Most Cavapoos have a soft, curly or wavy coat, depending on which genes they inherit, that of the Poodle or Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (which also means they can be hypoallergenic). While his coat can be maintained with regular bathing and then brushing to prevent tangles, it’s recommended that you schedule a visit to a professional groomer every four to six weeks. The breed is also known to experience those reddish brown tear stains, a disease that can be addressed by washing his face daily with careful attention to the area under his eyes.

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Dog Breeds

Kuvasz

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kuvasz

The kuvasz is originally a Hungarian dog.

Kuvasz History

Many assume that the Kuvasz came to Hungary with the Turkish refugees in 1200 BC. This breed had its golden years in the fifteenth century, when King Matyas the First trusted and loved this dog more than his people. The Turkish word “kuvasz” means “protector” and this dog has been used extensively as a royal guard. Later this dog made his mark as a sheep dog. The Kuvasz has contributed to the development of many breeds of sheepdogs, such as the Tatra and the Maremma and Abruzzo Mountain Dog. At the end of World War II, this breed was in danger of extinction and was saved through the efforts of breeders. Today, this dog is a popular companion dog, in addition to its historical role as a sheep dog.

Life expectancy: 10 – 12 years

Weight: 35 – 52 kg

Height at withers: 65 – 76 cm

Character

A smart and brave dog, the Kuvasz is very strong-minded and fearless. It is a dog with a strong territorial instinct and a strong protective instinct, making it an excellent protector of livestock. An exceptionally good guard dog, the Kuvasz makes an excellent herder and a herd guard against wild animals. The Kuvasz requires extra grooming from his owner and is not a breed for the average owner. This dominant breed with its large size and strong defensive instincts requires extra care and responsibility from its owner.

This dog can be used to protect its territory and defend its people. The Kuvasz is extremely loyal to its family members and develops a strong bond with them. This is an independent thinker with great intelligence. This dog can even be disobedient. He does well with children when properly introduced to them. Towards the children of his family, the Kuvasz is gentle and patient.

Nevertheless, this dog is not recommended for small children. This dog is reserved with strangers. Extensive socialization could bring about changes in the behavior of the Kuvasz. Solid obedience training by an experienced owner is essential with this breed. Originally, these dogs were bred to work independently and therefore they are not so easy to train. Some dogs of this breed can be a bit easier than others. The Kuvasz can be very gentle with other animals and livestock. This dog needs special training to be able to guard the livestock.

Health

This breed is generally healthy and does not have many health problems. This dog does have a predisposition to get hip dysplasia and some smaller problems. For example, osteochondrosis, hypertrophic osteodystrophy and only skin problems occur in this breed. The Kuvasz may be drooling.

Care of the Kuvasz

The Kuvasz has a dense, medium-length coat, which requires weekly brushing. It is not recommended to bathe this dog. The ears should be checked regularly. This breed moults heavily.

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Dog Breeds

Kromfohrländer

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Kromfohrländer

The Kromfohrländer is used as a guard and companion dog.

Kromfohrländer History

The Kromfohrländer was discovered after the 2nd World War, in 1955, when three generations of a dog stroke had developed from a mating between a German Wirehaired Fox Terrier female and a Breton Griffon male. These extremely beautifully colored mongrel dogs formed the basis for years of deliberate and selective breeding. Eventually the medium-sized wirehaired Kormfohrländer originated in the Siegenland, where the breed also received its recognition. The Kromfohrländer is a real hunting dog, and is still used as such in the country of origin. The breed did not exist outside of Germany for a while, but now the breed is also gaining ground in other parts of the world. The Kromfohrländer is enjoying increasing popularity in Switzerland and the Scandinavian countries, among others.

Life expectancy: 13 – 14 years

Weight: 10 – 14 kg

Height at the withers: 38 – 46 cm

Character

The social Kromfohrländer is playful and very cheerful. This temperamental spring in the field needs regular exercise. He is very watchful on his own property and he is affectionate and obedient to the master. The Kromfohrländer is a medium-sized dog. He is shaggy and powerfully built, his body is slightly longer than it is high. The Kromfohrländer has an elegant appearance and a watchful attention. The ears and tail may not be docked, nowadays this hardly happens at all. In the past this was sometimes done, with the Kromfohrländer this meant exclusion. 

Health of the Kromfohrländer

Conditions that occur are monorchidism (in which case 1 testicle is missing) and cryptorchidism (in which the testicles do not descend and the testes have never been palpable in the scrotum). Dental problems are also more common in this dog breed.

Care

The Kromfohrländer has a beautifully colored wirehaired coat that should not be trimmed. The hair is short slightly wiry, he has a small goatee and on the hindquarters the hair should be a little longer than elsewhere on the body. The care consists of an approximately weekly brushing. White with various shades of brown lying in spots around the eyes, ears and on the back. Preference is given to dogs with a saddle spot on the back, divided by a white stripe. The base of the tail should be brown.

The Kromfohrländer is used as a guard and companion dog.

History

The Kromfohrländer was discovered after the 2nd World War, in 1955, when three generations of a dog stroke had developed from a mating between a German Wirehaired Fox Terrier female and a Breton Griffon male. These extremely beautifully colored mongrel dogs formed the basis for years of deliberate and selective breeding. Eventually the medium-sized wirehaired Kormfohrländer originated in the Siegenland, where the breed also received its recognition. The Kromfohrländer is a real hunting dog, and is still used as such in the country of origin. The breed did not exist outside of Germany for a while, but now the breed is also gaining ground in other parts of the world. The Kromfohrländer is enjoying increasing popularity in Switzerland and the Scandinavian countries, among others.

Character

The social Kromfohrländer is playful and very cheerful. This temperamental spring in the field needs regular exercise. He is very watchful on his own property and he is affectionate and obedient to the master. The Kromfohrländer is a medium-sized dog. He is shaggy and powerfully built, his body is slightly longer than it is high. The Kromfohrländer has an elegant appearance and a watchful attention. The ears and tail may not be docked, nowadays this hardly happens at all. In the past this was sometimes done, with the Kromfohrländer this meant exclusion. 

Health of the Kromfohrländer

Conditions that occur are monorchidism (in which case 1 testicle is missing) and cryptorchidism (in which the testicles do not descend and the testes have never been palpable in the scrotum). Dental problems are also more common in this dog breed.

Care

The Kromfohrländer has a beautifully colored wirehaired coat that should not be trimmed. The hair is short slightly wiry, he has a small goatee and on the hindquarters the hair should be a little longer than elsewhere on the body. The care consists of an approximately weekly brushing. White with various shades of brown lying in spots around the eyes, ears and on the back. Preference is given to dogs with a saddle spot on the back, divided by a white stripe. The base of the tail should be brown.

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Dog Breeds

Croatian Shepherd

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Croatian Shepherd

The origins of the Croatian Shepherd can be traced back to 14th century Croatia.

Croatian Shepherd History

Since the beginning, the Croatian Shepherd has been bred exclusively in Croatia, which may be why its appearance has remained largely unchanged for so many centuries. It is not widely known which breeds serve as the ancestors of the Croatian Shepherd, but it can be assumed that they were local herding and livestock guarding breeds. The first selective breeding program for the Croatian Shepherd was started in 1935 and the breed finally received FCI recognition in 1969.

Life expectancy: 13 – 14 years

Weight: 13 – 20 kg

Height at the withers: 40 – 53 cm

Character of the Croatian Shepherd

The Croatian Shepherd is an alert and active breed with a seemingly endless reserve of energy. These dogs are very intelligent and curious, so mental stimulation is just as important as physical exercise, especially if you want to prevent the dog from developing destructive behaviors. These dogs have a very strong need for human leadership and they also need a lot of attention. This breed can develop destructive tendencies and they also tend to bark a lot. Fortunately, this makes the Croatian Shepherd a good watchdog, although it can be a problem if you have close neighbors.

Because the Croatian Shepherd is a herding breed, these dogs have an extremely high stamina, as well as a very high need for exercise. This high-energy breed needs a lot of daily exercise to keep his energy working, without adequate exercise there is a high risk of developing problem behaviors.

Health

As a very old breed, the Croatian Shepherd is also a healthy and hardy breed, this is by nature to do its herding work. Most of the health problems in this breed are work-related injuries, although these dogs can also be prone to musculoskeletal problems, such as patellar luxation and arthritis.

Care

Croatian Shepherds are easy dogs to spot because it has a thick, wavy black coat. This breed is medium sized and its coat is always black, although some dogs have white patches on the chest or on the toes. The hair is shorter on the face and legs, although the tail is well fur and carried curled over the back. These dogs are average shedders and regular brushing is recommended to control shedding.

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